CBD (Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring cannabinoid and one of the most abundant constituents of hemp. CBD does not make people feel “stoned” and can actually counteract the psychoactivity of THC. The fact that CBD-rich hemp is non-intoxicating makes it an appealing option for patients looking for relief without the cannabis high.
Medical trials suggest that CBD may help with pain, anxiety depression, acne, inflammation, muscle soreness, and may lower blood sugar levels in those with diabetes and heart disease. So far, scientists have isolated 113 of these special molecules, but a large number still remain.
When adjusted to a personalized dosage, it can promote overall wellness.
In fact, the hemp plant contains over 500 natural compounds (not all of them necessarily cannabinoids), so there’s great potential for further discovery. The more-commonly known cannabinoids include:
Cannabinoids can be further subdivided into groups based on where they are found. The three distinct classes of cannabinoids are:
- Phytocannabinoids (found in plants)
- Endocannabinoids (found naturally in the body)
- Synthetic cannabinoids (produced in a lab)
How Does CBD Affect Your Brain And Body?
Your brain is composed of approximately 100 billion cells called neurons. Each neuron communicates with other neurons through structures called synapses. Synapses are made up of a transmitter and a receptor.
When a synapse is off, or inactive, no communication occurs between the transmitter side and the receptor side. When a synapse is on, or active, the transmitter side releases molecules that travel across the synaptic space to be absorbed by the receptor. This action causes an effect somewhere else in your body or brain.
CBD—and indeed, all cannabinoids—interact with your brain in a similar way to the action described above. When introduced into your bloodstream, CBD (cannabidiol) molecules activate (or turn on) specific groups of receptors, including:
- -CB1 and CB2
These receptors influence such body functions as appetite, pain sensation, mood, memory, and anxiety and have a great deal to do with the effects that CBD offers. We’ll discuss those effects in more detail in an upcoming section. But first, we need to address the question on everyone’s mind: does CBD get you high?
Does CBD Get You High?
No, CBD does not get you high. In fact, when taken with THC, CBD actually reduces just how high you can get. Here’s the science behind why CBD (cannabidiol) won’t get you high and how it takes the edge off the high produced by THC.
Think of THC and CBD as batteries. THC is a AA, and CBD is a AAA. The cannabinoid receptor CB1 in your brain only turns on when the right size battery is inserted—in this case, the AA (THC). The AA fits nicely into the receptor, turns it on, and produces the psychoactive high we all know and love.
But the AAA (CBD) also fits into the receptor. It’s not an exact match like the AA, so the AAA doesn’t activate the receptor. That’s why CBD doesn’t get you high: it’s not built to activate the receptors that cause your world to go psychedelic.
So now you’ve got a AAA battery occupying a space made for a AA battery. If a AA battery comes along, it’s going to “bounce off” that receptor because the AAA battery is already there. That’s how CBD can take the edge off the high caused by THC: the CBD molecule reduces the chances that THC will activate the CB1 receptors. In essence, it’s a clash between cannabinoids.
The interesting thing about CBD is that while it’s inhibiting THC activity on the CB1 receptor, it is also activating the adenosine receptors, the serotonin receptors, and the vanilloid receptors. That means you can get a host of benefits without experiencing the loopiness usually associated with high-THC cannabis strains. Let’s examine those benefits in detail.
What Are The Effects Of CBD?
We’ve already discussed how CBD (cannabidiol) keeps you from getting too high. But while it’s doing that, it’s also counteracting many of the intoxicating effects of THC, like drowsiness, paranoia, and memory loss.
In addition to those two important effects, CBD also can act as an:
- -Antiemetic (reduces nausea and vomiting)
- -Anticonvulsant (suppresses seizures)
- -Anti-inflammatory (mitigates inflammatory disorders)
- -Antitumoral (fights tumor and cancer cells)
- -Anxiolytic (Combats anxiety and depression)
- -Antioxidant (tempers neuro-degenerative disorders)
- -Antipsychotic (mediates psychotic disorders)
- -Because of that long and broad list of effects, CBD can be used to treat a variety of medical conditions.
What Medical Conditions Can CBD Treat?
CBD is currently being used to fight diseases that were previously thought untreatable. Chief amongst those diseases are:
- -Epileptic disorders
- -Loss of appetite
- -Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- -Parkinson’s disease
- -Chronic and acute pain
- -Neuro-degenerative disorders (e.g., Alzheimer’s)
Science has yet to “go all-in” on studying the use of marijuana (CBD specifically) for the treatment of these disorders because of the stigma that surrounds the hemp plant (and its illegality). As laws change, though, we have no doubt that more and more studies will show what the hemp world already knows: CBD (cannabidiol) is a valuable medical molecule.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD is an extracted phyto-cannabinoid from hemp that binds and activates several nervous receptors in the body. The human body has an endocannabinoid system that receives transmission signals from cannabinoids from CBD. There are more than 65 molecular targets of CBD according to scientific studies. CBD can affect the molecular pathway that may help with pain, anxiety, inflammation, and many other potential benefits.
CBD can give therapeutic benefits without a psychoactive effect if there is little to no THC.
For CBD to properly work, CBD should be the primary substance in any CBD products.
What To Look For In A CBD & CBG Product
- -The extraction method is chemical free.
- -Sourced from USDA organic certified hemp grown farms.
- -Are 3rd party tested and in compliance
How Do I Use CBD & CBG?
There are several ways to get CBD & CBG into your system. Your lifestyle and health goals will best guide how to use CBD & CBG. The basic ways to use CBD and CBG are: